Monarch Butterfly phenomenon

This remarkable adventure offers a unique opportunity to combine intimate encounters with some of nature’s largest and smallest creatures; majestic Monarch Butterflies in their millions and magnificent Grey Whales at arm’s length!
We begin in the cool forested mountains of central Mexico at around 9000 feet, where the Monarchs congregate each winter in spectacular numbers. Estimates range from 60 million to one billion butterflies! To get here they will have flown up to three thousand miles from as far north as Canada! How they all find their way to the same area is a mystery but they arrive each November, with peak numbers in January and February, forming such dense clusters that tree branches actually bend under the sheer weight of so many butterflies, even though each one weighs less than a gram! As the cool morning air warms up the clusters ‘come to life’ in an amazing frenetic fluttering blizzard with clearly audible wing beats! This has to be one of nature’s most wonderful phenomena. Little wonder that this area is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The region also offers the possibility of several endemic bird species like the striking Red Warbler and Blue Mockingbird.
Next stop is Mexico’s Baja California peninsula, the second longest in the world, measuring almost 800 miles from north to south. With boundless desert colonised by cacti as tall as trees, a mountainous spine rising to over 10,000 feet and over 2500 miles of rugged coastline, this “Untamed Peninsula”, with stunning vistas at every turn, is one of the wildest places on earth! The region is home to a rich biodiversity with a variety of land, sea and shorebirds, including six endemics; Cape Pygmy Owl, San Lucas Robin, Grey Thrasher, Belding’s Yellowthroat, Baird’s Junco and the tiny Xantus’s Hummingbird. Along the shore live Northern Elephant Seals, California Sea Lions and endemic Guadalupe Fur Seals, while nowhere else on earth has such a large and varied population of whales as the Sea of Cortez, described by Jacques Cousteau as “the largest living aquarium in the world!” Here it is possible to see Blue, Humpback, Fin, Sperm, Killer, Pygmy Killer, Minke, Bryde’s, Sei and Short-finned Pilot Whales, as well as hundreds of Bottle-nosed, Long-beaked and Pacific White-sided Dolphins! Meanwhile the Baja coast is the end point for the longest migration of any mammal, where 36 ton Grey Whales congregate after a 6000 mile journey from the Bering Sea to give birth to their calves. These ‘friendly whales’ voluntarily seek close encounters with people and will look you in the eye while you stroke them! Enjoying wildlife doesn’t get any better than this and you will never forget such a momentous experience! But it doesn’t stop here as we also have the chance to swim with sea lions and the awesome Whale Shark, which is the world’s largest fish, growing up to 40 feet long and weighing 20 tons! No wonder ‘Baja’ is a paradise for nature lovers seeking the tranquillity of one of the world’s most beautiful desert landscapes, combined with the excitement of a close encounter with a hefty Whale Shark or a 50 foot Grey Whale!
If I had to pick just one trip from the New Horizons schedule, this would be it, without a doubt! Even non-birding partners will love it!

This could be you stroking a Grey Whale!

Day 1 We depart Heathrow airport on a late evening overnight flight to Mexico City with Aeromexico (to be confirmed). Dinner and overnight in flight.
Day 2 We land early this morning in Mexico City, meet a local guide, and head west for three hours or so to a lovely base in Macheros, with time to explore this sleepy rural village and the adjacent forest. Our award winning family run lodge, rated an unsurpassable “5, Excellent” on Trip Advisor, is the ideal base, being so close to the most magical of all the butterfly reserves, and our stay here will help to support the local people and their desire to conserve this remarkable forest. Dinner and overnight at JM’s Butterfly B & B.
Day 3 We visit the nearby Cerro Pelón Monarch Butterfly Sanctuary, just a five minute stroll from our base, where we can either hike to the butterflies on foot or take the easier option of being led on horseback for part of the way (no riding experience required). As well as all the butterflies, we may see birds like Ladder-backed Woodpecker, Brown-backed Solitaire and Black-headed Grosbeaks, which can actually stomach the poisonous Monarchs, plus endemics like Bumblebee Hummingbird, Russet Nightingale-Thrush, Blue Mockingbird, Green-striped Brushfinch and Black-backed Oriole. We should also see a dazzling variety of wintering warblers including Nashville, Tennessee, Wilson’s, Townsend’s, MacGillivray’s, Hermit, Orange-crowned and Yellow-rumped. Dinner and overnight at JM’s Butterfly B & B.

A few Monarch Butterflies!

Day 4 We have a full day to explore another fabulous butterfly sanctuary within the biosphere reserve, either on foot or on horseback, where we should also see more new birds like White-eared Hummingbird, Black Phoebe, Golden-crowned and Ruby-crowned Kinglets, Slate-throated Redstart, Yellow-eyed Junco, Scott’s Oriole and the endemic Grey-barred Wren, Red Warbler and Striped Sparrow. The choice of today’s sanctuary will depend on the advice of our hosts, as the butterfly congregations can vary from year to year. Dinner and overnight at JM’s Butterfly B & B.
Day 5 We have a leisurely morning before returning to Mexico City for an afternoon Aeromexico flight to La Paz on the Sea of Cortez in Baja California, where we meet a local guide and transfer to the top ranking hotel in La Paz, earning another “Excellent” on Trip Advisor. Dinner in a local restaurant and overnight at Hotel Catedral.
Day 6 We collect our equipment for the next three days, including wet suits, masks and fins, for those wanting to swim and snorkel with sea lions and Whale Sharks! Our Baja adventure begins at the nearby harbour where a boat will take us into the Bay of La Paz for a close encounter with the Whale Sharks, which regularly feed on plankton not far offshore (additional information below).

Snorkelling with a Whale Shark!

After this awesome ‘bucket list’ experience, our boat will take us deeper into the Sea of Cortez for a magical three night stay on Isla Espiritu Santo, an idyllic ‘desert island’ and UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Sea of Cortez is one of the world’s greatest places for marine life with 39% of the world’s marine mammal species, a third of all the world’s marine cetaceans, and 891 species of fish, making it an absolute bird magnet! We arrive at our safari style camp, with walk in tents and real beds, right on the beach, in time for a sumptuous lunch, while Brown Pelicans dive into the bay.

Camp Cecil de la Isla

This afternoon we can explore this wonderful island and meet some of the local bird life which may include Least Sandpiper, Snowy Plover, American Oystercatcher, the lovely little Verdin, a singing Canyon Wren or smart Black-throated Sparrows. Other options include swimming, snorkelling, kayaking, paddle boarding or just relaxing amid a sea of tranquillity. Back at camp, we can enjoy a ‘happy hour’ while watching a gorgeous sunset. With no light pollution, this is the perfect place for marvelling at the billions of stars and the Milky Way scattered across the inky black sky, while listening to the waves gently lapping on the beach with a strange phosphorescent twinkle. Dinner and overnight at Camp Cecil de la Isla.

Sunset on Isla Espiritu Santo

Twilight at Camp Cecil de la Isla

Day 7 This morning we take the boat to the rocky outcrops of Los Islotes, home to a colony of Blue-footed and Brown Boobies and California Sea Lions, were we have the option to join the playful sea lion pups in the water (additional information below). After lunch back at camp we visit a colony of Magnificent Frigatebirds in the mangroves of San Gabriel Bay where we can also search for the delightfully handsome Mangrove Warbler, as well as other birds such as Snowy Egret, Great Blue and Tricoloured Herons, Yellow-crowned Night Heron, Reddish Egret and White Ibis. We end a great day with another ‘happy hour’ on the beach at sunset and maybe we will be joined by the endemic Ring-tailed Cat, also known as a Babisuri. Dinner and overnight at Camp Cecil de la Isla.

Blue-footed Booby

A playful Sea Lion

Magnificent Frigatebird

Mangrove Warbler

Day 8 We have a full day pelagic cruise in search of the abundant sea life here including whales, dolphins, rays and seabirds like Black and Least Storm Petrels, Black-vented Shearwater, Brandt’s and Double-crested Cormorants, Yellow-footed and Heermann’s Gulls and Royal Tern. Back at camp we have another ‘happy hour’ on the beach at sunset. Dinner and overnight at Camp Cecil de la Isla.

Humpback Whale

Day 9 We leave our island paradise and sail back to La Paz, while keeping a lookout for more whales, dolphins and acrobatic Flying Mobula Rays! Back on shore we drive north through a seemingly endless desert of magnificent tall Cardon Cacti, many of which are used as perches by Crested Caracaras, Red-tailed Hawks, American Kestrels, Gila Woodpeckers, Gilded Flickers, Northern Mockingbirds, Hooded Orioles and Loggerhead Shrikes. After about four hours we reach Puerto San Carlos on the shore of Magdalena Bay. With beautiful mangroves, sandy shores and sand dune islands sheltering a large shallow lagoon where the Grey Whales come to have their 16 foot long calves, this is one of the most important ecosystems on the Pacific coast of North America! The Grey Whales are famously friendly and seem to relish being petted by people! What an amazing prospect (additional information below). Our base for the next three nights is Las Villas Mar y Arena (The Sea & Sand Villas) a small beachfront hotel with rustic style cabins overlooking the bay with “Very Good” reviews on Trip Advisor, and an ideal spot to watch the action through your scope from your veranda. Dinner and overnight at Las Villas Mar y Arena.

Close encounter with a Grey Whale

Days 10 & 11 Each morning and afternoon we head out onto the sheltered lagoon in small boats called Pangas. As well as the exhilarating spectacle of Grey Whales literally at arm’s length, we can also search the islands in the bay for birds like Northern Harrier, Osprey, Western Grebe, Wilson’s and Semi-palmated Plovers, Western and Spotted Sandpipers, Greater and Lesser Yellowlegs, Marbled Godwit, Willett, Western and California Gulls and Forster’s Tern, as well as Coyotes and Long-eared Jack Rabbits. Dinners and overnights at Las Villas Mar y Arena.

Coyote

Day 12 We drive south through the desert to Los Colibris Casitas (The Little Hummingbird Houses) earning yet another “5, Excellent” on Trip Advisor. This fabulous hotel, overlooking a palm grove oasis near Todos Santos on the Tropic of Cancer, has stunning views of the Pacific Ocean, where the pristine beach stretches for 70 miles! With its eighteenth century Spanish colonial architecture, Todos Santos is described by the Lonely Planet guide as “one of the most appealing towns in all of Baja and maybe even all of Mexico”! This afternoon we explore the coastal lagoon in front of our hotel in search of Lincoln’s Sparrow and the endemic Belding’s Yellowthroat, as well as a variety of shorebirds like Pied-billed Grebe, Cinnamon Teal, American Wigeon, Green and Little Blue Herons, White-faced Ibis, Black-necked Stilt, Killdeer, Long-billed Dowitcher, American Coot and Bonaparte’s Gull. We can also search the palm oasis for local specialities such as Costa’s Hummingbird, Western Scrub Jay, Blue-grey Gnatcatcher, Western Tanager, Lesser Goldfinch, Northern Cardinal, Blue Grosbeak and Lark Bunting as well as the endemic Xantus’s Hummingbird and Grey Thrasher, with the possibility of Lesser Nighthawks as dusk approaches. Dinner and overnight at Los Colibris Casitas.

Xantus’s Hummingbird

Day 13 We head inland to the Sierra de La Laguna Biosphere Reserve, a beautiful and remote mountainous area, for two nights at another luxurious safari style camp, with walk in tents and real beds, on a ranch providing local produce for our home cooked meals. Exploring a fairly easy trail we may find birds such as Harris’s and Zone-tailed Hawks, California Quail, Band-tailed Pigeon, Common Ground Dove, Greater Roadrunner, Grey Vireo, California Gnatcatcher, Cactus Wren, Pacific-slope, Grey and Ash-throated Flycatchers, California and Green-tailed Towhees, the scarlet House Finch and the endemic Cape Pygmy Owl, San Lucas Robin and Baird’s Junco. Dinner and overnight at Camp Cecil de la Sierra.

Sierra de la Laguna

Camp Cecil de la Sierra

Day 14 We have a full day to explore this wonderful area in search of more new birds like Acorn Woodpecker, Cassin´s Vireo, Cassin’s Kingbird, Phainopepla, Spotted Towhee and Lark Sparrow. Dinner and overnight at Camp Cecil de la Sierra.
Day 15 We head a short way south to the Río San José estuary, one of the top birding sites in Baja, attracting a wealth of water birds like American White Pelican, Neotropic Cormorant, Least Grebe, Least Bittern, Wood Stork, Blue-winged Teal, Virginia and Sora Rails, American Avocet, Long-billed Curlew, Laughing Gull, Belted Kingfisher and Northern Waterthrush. This afternoon, we transfer to the nearby airport, say adios to our local guide and check in for a late afternoon flight with Aeromexico to Mexico City, where we connect with a late evening flight to Heathrow (to be confirmed). Dinner and overnight in flight.
Day 16 At the end of an absolutely fabulous journey, packed with so many amazing highlights and memories, we arrive back in Heathrow this afternoon.

Cost; £5325  Only four places left.
If for any reason the trip needs to be cancelled, all monies paid to New Horizons will be refunded.

Single supplement; £520
Deposit; £1125

What the price includes:
Return flights from London Heathrow to Baja California, via Mexico City, with Aeromexico (to be confirmed), thirteen nights’ full board accommodation, all road and water transport in Mexico, all activities and reserve entry fees, daily ‘happy hour’ with two complimentary drinks for each night in camp, wildlife checklist and the services of your guides.

Additional information:
Swimming with Whale Sharks is highly regulated, with the following protocols; all boat operators are licensed and must display an ID banner, while private vessels are prohibited from approaching the sharks. No more than 14 small boats are allowed in the protected area at any one time and each boat is limited to a three hour visit. Boats must not obstruct or hinder the path of the sharks. Only five swimmers are allowed with a shark at any one time. Any sun screen worn by swimmers must be biodegradable. Only free diving or snorkelling are allowed, not scuba diving, and swims are limited to thirty minutes. Licence fees help to protect Mexico’s wildlife.
At the Sea Lion colony visitors cannot land on the rocks and must follow the safety briefing of the guides with respect to how to interact safely with the Sea Lions.
In Magdalena Bay, a limited number of operators are licensed to use small motorised boats, taking up to seven people. The boats do not chase the whales and simply switch off the engine and wait for the whales to approach, seeking interactions with people. Time with the whales is limited, no one is allowed in the water and the guides must update their training annually, while licence fees help to protect Mexico’s wildlife.
The flight time to Mexico City is 12 hours and the onward flight to Baja California is 2 hours 30 minutes. The return flight to Mexico City is 2 hours 15 minutes and the onward flight to Heathrow takes 10 hours 25 minutes.
A visa is not required for British citizens to visit Mexico.
It is advisable to be vaccinated against Hepatitis A, Tetanus and Typhoid. There is little or no risk of Malaria.
In the ‘butterfly area’ of Mexico in February, about 2.25 inches of rain falls, which is slightly more than we get in the UK in February, with a 14% chance of rain each day. Temperatures range from 8 – 24°C, and so the average is 16°C.
The climate of Baja California in February is dry with little or no rain. Temperatures range from 14 – 23°C, and so the average is 18.5°C.
We shall be staying in six comfortable accommodations, often in secluded mountain or coastal locations, with little time spent travelling on most days.
The tour involves easy walks with excellent photo-opportunities and we can hope to see up to 200 bird species in addition to several very special mammals and one hell of a fish!

A view of the Sea of Cortez

Your ‘room with a view’